Council Minutes, 1652–1654New Netherland Institute
Translated and edited by Charles Gehring.
This volume of council minutes spans a most important period for the United Provinces of the Netherlands and the Dutch West India Company. In brief, the years 1652-1654 witnessed a series of events which tested the strength of the former and strained the resources of the latter, sending shock waves against the shores of New Netherland.
Although a considerable amount of the council minutes concern executive decisions related to the defense and well-being of the colony in general, there are also numerous "private" cases which were presented to the director-general and high council for resolution. These cases reveal some of the texture of the colony's social life and add another dimension to the history of New Netherland.